Essential Bushcraft Equipment for Wilderness Survival

by Derrick | Last Updated: August 9, 2023

Venturing into the wilderness can be a thrilling yet challenging experience, especially when survival skills are put to the test. Critical bushcraft equipment significantly increases your chance of enduring harsh conditions in the wild.

This article will guide you through essential gear for wilderness survival— from tools and clothing to shelter safety gear and food supplies. Get ready to conquer Mother Nature with our comprehensive bushcraft essentials checklist!

Key Takeaways

Essential Bushcraft Tools for Wilderness Survival

The essential bushcraft tools for wilderness survival include a blade, bushcraft axe or hatchet, saw, firestarter, cordage, and a canteen and pot.


A blade tops the list of essential bushcraft tools for a good reason. It’s more than just a cutting tool; it can save your life in the wilderness. This versatile piece can help you prepare food, create other survival tools, defend yourself against wildlife or build a shelter when needed.

Opting for one that’s sturdy and sharp is crucial, and some individuals prefer multi-tool versions which might feature additions like scissors or bottle openers built into the handle.

Regardless of your choice, remember to keep it clean and sharpened to ensure its longevity and efficiency during use. It isn’t an exaggeration to say a reliable blade truly forms the backbone of any successful wilderness survival kit.

Bushcraft Axe or Hatchet

A bushcraft axe or hatchet is an essential tool for wilderness survival. With its sturdy blade and compact size, it can be used for various tasks in the great outdoors. From chopping firewood to building a shelter, a bushcraft axe or hatchet provides the necessary power and precision.

Its sharp edge allows you to cut through branches and small trees easily. The durable handle ensures a secure grip, allowing you to exert force without worrying about slippage. Whether you need to split wood for a campfire or fashion makeshift tools, a bushcraft axe or hatchet is indispensable in challenging wilderness scenarios.


The saw is another essential tool for bushcraft and wilderness survival. It allows you to cut through thicker branches and small logs, helping you gather firewood or build shelters more efficiently.

A compact folding saw is an excellent option as it is lightweight and easy to pack. Look for a saw with a sharp blade that can make clean cuts, ensuring the wood won’t splinter or break easily.

Having a reliable and durable saw in your gear ensures that you can handle various tasks in the wild without any issues.


A firestarter is an essential tool for bushcraft and wilderness survival. It enables you to quickly start a fire in any weather condition, providing warmth, light, and the ability to cook food.

Various types of firestarters are available, including ferrocerium rods, waterproof matches, and magnesium flint strikers. These compact and lightweight tools make them easy to carry in your backpack or pocket.

With a reliable firestarter in your gear kit, you can ensure that you have the means to stay warm and safe during your outdoor adventures.


Cordage, or strong rope, is essential in your bushcraft gear for wilderness survival. It has multiple uses, such as setting up shelters, creating traps and tools, and even making emergency repairs.

You can tie knots and lash together branches with cordage to construct a sturdy shelter. It can also be used for fishing by attaching hooks and tying lines. Having a reliable source of cordage will significantly increase your chances of survival in the wild.

Canteen and Pot

A canteen and pot are essential items for wilderness survival. The canteen allows you to carry water, which is crucial for staying hydrated outdoors. Look for a durable canteen made from stainless steel or aluminum, with a secure lid to prevent leaks.

With a pot, you can cook food and boil water to make it safe for drinking. Opt for a lightweight, compact pot that is easy to pack in your backpack. Consider getting one with measurement markings inside to easily follow recipes or portion-out meals.

Having a canteen and pot will ensure you have access to clean water and the means to prepare hot meals while navigating the wilderness.

Survival Clothing and Gear

Survival clothing and gear are crucial for wilderness survival, including waterproof hiking boots, bushcraft clothing, a compass, and a first aid kit.

Waterproof Hiking Boots

Waterproof hiking boots are an essential piece of bushcraft gear for wilderness survival. These boots protect against wet and damp conditions, keeping your feet dry and comfortable throughout your adventure.

With their durable construction and rugged soles, waterproof hiking boots offer excellent traction on various terrains, ensuring stability and reducing the risk of slips or falls. Whether you’re trekking through muddy trails or crossing streams, these boots will keep your feet safe from moisture and potential injuries.

Invest in a quality pair of waterproof hiking boots to enhance your outdoor experience and stay prepared for any weather conditions that may come your way.

Bushcraft Clothing

Bushcraft clothing is an essential part of your wilderness survival gear. It should be durable, comfortable, and provide protection from the elements. Look for waterproof hiking boots to keep your feet dry in wet conditions.

Dress with moisture-wicking base layers, insulating mid-layers, and a weather-resistant outer shell. Don’t forget to bring a compass to help navigate unfamiliar territory and a first aid kit for emergencies.

With the right bushcraft clothing and gear, you’ll be prepared for challenges in the wilderness.


A compass is an essential tool for wilderness survival. It helps you navigate and find your way in the great outdoors. With a compass, you can determine your direction and follow a specific path or trail.

This is crucial when exploring unknown territories or if you get lost. A good quality compass should have clear markings to indicate north, south, east, and west. Learn how to read a compass correctly before venturing into the wilderness.

First Aid Kit

A first aid kit is an essential item to have when going into the wilderness. It should include:

Shelter and Safety Equipment

Include items such as a tarp or tent for protection against the elements, a sleeping bag or space blanket for warmth, and a fire starter kit in case of emergencies.

Tarp or Tent

A tarp or tent is an essential piece of shelter and safety equipment for wilderness survival. It provides protection from the elements and creates a secure and comfortable sleeping area.

A tarp is lightweight, easy to set up, and versatile, making it ideal for backpackers and hikers. It can be used as a ground cover or strung between trees to create a makeshift shelter.

On the other hand, a tent offers more privacy and protection from bugs and wildlife. Choose one that is durable, waterproof, and easy to assemble for maximum convenience in the great outdoors.

Sleeping Bag or Space Blanket

A sleeping bag or space blanket is an essential item for wilderness survival. It provides warmth and insulation, keeping you comfortable during cold nights in the wilderness. A sleeping bag is designed to trap body heat and prevent it from escaping, while a space blanket reflects your body heat back to you.

Both options are lightweight and compact, making them easy to carry in your backpack. They also come in different sizes and temperature ratings, so you can choose one that suits your needs.

Whether you’re camping overnight or caught in an emergency situation, a sleeping bag or space blanket will help keep you warm and protected from the elements.

Fire Starter Kit

A fire starter kit is an essential bushcraft equipment for wilderness survival. It should include:

Shelter Options

Several shelter options can be essential for wilderness survival. Here are some of the most commonly used:

Bushcraft Food and Water Supplies

Learn about the must-have canteen kit, water purification methods, and fishing supplies for ensuring your survival in the wilderness.

Canteen Kit

A canteen kit is an essential item to have when engaging in wilderness survival. It allows you to carry and store water, which is crucial for hydration and cooking. A canteen kit typically includes a durable water bottle or container with a secure lid and a cup or pot that can be used for boiling water or preparing meals over a fire.

Having a canteen kit ensures you have access to clean drinking water and the means to cook food, making it an essential component of your bushcraft gear arsenal.

Dry Food

Packaging lightweight and non-perishable foods is essential for wilderness survival. Dry food, such as dehydrated meals, granola bars, and trail mix, provides a convenient source of sustenance when you’re on the go.

It is important to choose high-calorie options rich in nutrients to keep your energy levels up during physically demanding situations. Additionally, ensure that your dry food choices have a long shelf life to prevent spoilage while out in the wilderness.

Water Purification Methods

Purifying water is crucial for wilderness survival. Here are some effective methods:

Fishing Line and Hooks

Don’t forget to pack fishing lines and hooks for your wilderness survival adventure. These tools can help you catch fish, providing a valuable food source in the wild. The fishing line allows you to cast your hook into the water and reel in any bites while hooks securely hold onto your catch.

With these items in your kit, you can increase your chances of finding sustenance during your time in the wilderness.


In conclusion, having the right bushcraft equipment is crucial for wilderness survival. From a reliable blade and firestarter to proper shelter options and water purification methods, these essential tools can make all the difference in a challenging outdoor environment.

So be prepared and equipped with the necessary gear to navigate any wilderness situation.